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235th Anniversary of the Battle of Eutaw Springs

Painting of one of the bloodiest battles of the Revolutionary War in South Carolina that occurred at Eutaw Springs.

On September 8, 1781 one of the bloodiest battles of the Revolutionary War in South Carolina occurred at Eutaw Springs in present-day Orangeburg County. American Major General Nathanael Greene, leading an army of more than 2,200 men, attacked a British army of several thousand men commanded by British Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Stewart. The British soldiers were still finishing breakfast when the battle began.
 
The result of the fierce battle was inconclusive though Greene was successful in forcing the British back to Charleston. The Americans suffered more than five-hundred men killed, wounded, or missing. The British losses were even higher.
 
The Continental Congress awarded seven gold medals for exceptional achievement during the Revolutionary War. One of these medals was awarded to Nathanael Greene for his leadership at the Battle of Eutaw Springs. The battle is also memorialized in the South Carolina State Song, “Carolina! Carolina!” written by Henry Timrod.
 
“Hold up the glories of thy dead;
Say how thy elder Children bled,
And point to Eutaw’s battle-bed,
Carolina! Carolina!”

The South Carolina Battleground Preservation Trust is partnering with the Civil War Trust in their Campaign 1776 project to preserve Revolutionary War battlefields in South Carolina in a bold initiative christened "The Liberty Trail." On September 6, 2016, a contract was signed to make the Trust's first acquisition of the Eutaw Springs battlefield.

 

On Saturday, September 3, the Battle of Eutaw Springs chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution hosted a commemoration of this important battle at the Church of the Epiphany at Eutawville. In this picture by Tom Hanson, the colors are being posted for a "standing room only" crowd.


The South Carolina Society
of the
Sons of the American Revolution

The South Carolina Society was organized April 18th, 1889 in a room at the State Capital in Columbia. After the election of officers, the organizing group appointed delegates to the proposed National Convention in New York City to be held later in the month. The National Society was organized April 30th, 1889. Those descendents of our brave ancestors, whose vision and courage gave us our great nation, formed a fraternal, patriotic, and civic organization to perpetuate the basic principles of freedom to honor our founding fathers. The name adopted by the organization was the Sons of the American Revolution. The South Carolina Society began granting charters to chapters in 1923. Currently twenty one chapters promote the American spirit through fraternal meetings, commemorative observances of events and battles, educational materials, projects, lectures, tours and publications. South Carolina is rich in historical events of the American Revolution. From the mountains to the coast, South Carolina experienced the most battles and skirmishes of the war. The twenty one chapters of our society sponsor annual anniversary ceremonies of many of the battles and events.

Relics of the Revolution may be found throughout the state in some federal and state parks, museums, and libraries. Markers are found in our countryside reminding us of the sacrifice of our ancestors. The Society seeks to mark graves of our Revolutionary ancestors. Since the organization of the South Carolina Society, over 3,000 have filled the membership ranks. As of May 31, 2016 membership was 859.

The South Carolina Society of the American Revolution joins in effort with the Daughters of the American Revolution, the Children of the American Revolution, and all patriotic and historical groups in keeping alive the ideals of our ancestors who gave us our United States of America.